An orthopaedic surgeon is educated in the preservation, investigation and restoration of the form and function of the extremities, spine and associated structures by medical, surgical and physical means. This specialist is involved with the care of patients whose musculoskeletal problems include congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumors, metabolic disturbances of the musculoskeletal system, deformities, injuries and degenerative diseases of the spine, hands, feet, knee, hip, shoulder and elbow in children and adults. An orthopaedic surgeon is also concerned with primary and secondary muscular problems and the effects of central or peripheral nervous system lesions of the musculoskeletal system.
Every specialty has unique factors they want each candidate to have in their residency application. NRMP conducts regular Program Director surveys to identify which parts of the residency application are most important in differing specialties. Among the information gathered, Program Directors were asked to cite factors they used to select candidates for interviews. They were also asked to rate each factor on a scale from 1 (least important) to 5 (most important).
|Total Training||5 years|
|Average Residency Salary||$57,446.22|
|Average Physician Salary||$557,000|
|Average Work Week||57 Hours|
|Peak Interview Months||December, February|
|Key Organizations and Societies:||American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: Diversity in Orthopaedics
American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons
American Osteopathic Academy of Orthopedics
Clinical Orthopaedic Society
Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society
Orthopaedic Research and Education